About Lumbini Nepal

The Birth of Buddha:

Siddhartha Gautam or Gautam Buddha or simply Buddha (“enlightened one”) is known as the light of Asia. Siddhartha Gautam spent 29 years as a prince and later became a spiritual leader and teacher.

While the places of the Buddha’s enlightenment--Bodh Gaya, and of the first and last sermon he gave--Sarnath and Vaishali were identified much earlier, place where he died or entered into Parinrvana-- Kusinagar, and place where he was born and raised--Lumbini and Tilaurakot were not known until the beginning of 21st century. These two mysteries were solved when the two Asoka inscriptions, one near Tilaurakot referring to the Buddha of the past, and the one in Lumbini referring to his birth were discovered in 1896. 

The discovery of the Pali inscription in Brahmi script on the pillar erected by the Mauryan Emperor Asoka in 249 BC established the fact that the Lumbini is the authentic birthplace of the Buddha. The translation of Pali inscription in Brahmi script on Ashoka pillars runs as follows: 'King Piyadasi (Ashoka), beloved of devas, in the 20th year of the coronation, himself made a royal visit, Buddha Sakyamuni having been born here; a stone railing was built and a stone pillar erected to the Bhagavan having been born here, Lumbini village was taxed reduced and entitled to the eight part (only)'.

As the birthplace of the Buddha, the sacred area of Lumbini is one of the holiest places for Buddhists and for peace lovers as well. Today, Lumbini is being developed as a Buddhist pilgrimage center, where the archaeological remains associated with the birth of the Buddha form a central feature. There are 62 archaeological sites scattered around Lumbini. Almost every Buddhist country has built their monastery here.  UNESCO has declared the Lumbini as a World Heritage Site.  Therefore, Lumbini encompasses the property to be both an archaeological site as well as a place of pilgrimage.  And, it is also considered as the foundation that represents world peace.

Lumbini, The Birthplace of Shakyamuni Buddha:

Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha, in the Terai plains of Nepal is one of the greatest pilgrimage sites for Buddhists. More than 400,000 Buddhists and non Buddhists visit Lumbini every year. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site (Culture) and holds immense archeological and religious importance.

Sacred Garden: It was here in the gardens of Lumbini that Prince Siddhartha Gautam, who later became the Buddha, was born in 623 BC. The nativity site is marked by a commemorative pillaer ected by Mauryan Emperor Ashoka of India during his pilgrimage to the holy site in 249 BC.

The inscription on the Ashokan Pillar indentifies the Sacred Garden - spread over 9 sq. km – as the spot where the Enlightened One was born. A large number of Buddhist pilgrims from all over the world visit Lumbini to pray at the  Mayadevi Temple where excavations have revealed the “marker stone” showing the exact spot where Siddhartha Gautam Buddha was born. The sacred Puskarni Pond where Queen Mayadevi had taken a bath before the birth of Buddha lies to the south of the pillar. It was also in this pond that the infant Buddha was given his first bath.


To the north of the Sacred Garden are monastic zones where different countries have built temples and monasteries depicting different sects of Buddhism. The Myanmar Temple (Lokamani Cula Pagoda) is a shiny gold and white structure that resembles the Shwe-dagon Pagoda of Yangon while the International Gautami Nuns Temple  is a replica of the Swayambhu Stupa of Kathmandu.

The China Temple, built by the Buddhist Association of China, is a complex of pagodas, prayer rooms and  animal images and pieces of beads, among others meditation cells. Across the road is the Dae Sung Suk Ga Sa Korean Temple. The world Peace Pagoda, built by Nippon Jon Kyohoji of Japan, is a 41-m tall structure with four different Buddha statues set into the stupa’s dome facing the four cardinal directions. Other beautiful monuments and temples have been built by Vietnam, Thailand, Mongolia, France, Germany and Sri Lanka.

Click here to edit text

View My Stats


Chin Kaji Shrestha President (2018-2019)

Ashokan Pillar

 Eternal Peace Flame